That sense was first documented around the end of the 18th century. Examples of vicious circle in a sentence, how to use it. Or, more loosely, some bad situation that, by its nature, seems to get worse and worse. If I knock down this building, how many other buildings do I knock down as well? Which two instances agree with the course of the moon. Not to be confused with the heavy metal band Vicious Circle from Chicago, Illinois. The next instance of "vicious cycle" that I found was much later, however. The screenplay concerns a leading Harley Street specialist who is forced to work with the police to nail a gang of international criminals, after being falsely accused of murder. Asking for help, clarification, or responding to other answers. A vicious circle is a problem or difficult situation that has the effect of creating new problems which then cause the original problem or situation to occur again. The same positive feedback loop can also run in reverse however, to create a vicious cycle, when a bad situation feeds on itself to make it even worse. Origin of “vicious circle” and “vicious cycle”. What is the point of reading classics over modern treatments? Circle means a mode of reasoning wherein a proposition is used to establish a conclusion and then this same conclusion used to prove the proposition. Or does it have to be within the DHCP servers (or routers) defined subnet? Here is an Ngram chart tracking the relative frequency of "vicious circle" (blue line) and "vicious cycle" (red line) over the period 1750–2005: The most striking thing about this chart is how close the frequencies of the two phrases has become during the period from 1979 to 2005. Definitions by the largest Idiom Dictionary. How was the Candidate chosen for 1927, and why not sooner? This has been used most often in reference to economics; for example, this piece in The Syracuse Herald in March 1916, headed The Vicious Spiral: "... we keep on putting up prices, raising wages Synonyms for vicious circle include catch-22, circularity, impasse, stalemate, causal nexus, chain reaction, circular argument, domino effect, endless loop and eternal return. A vicious circle was the name given by 18th century logicians for a fallacious proof in this form: This was alluded to in Edition 3 of The Encyclopedia Britannica, in 1792: "He runs into what is … The figurative usage established later, mid-19th century as shown by the Phrase Finder : A vicious circle was the name given by 18th century logicians for a fallacious proof in this form: This was alluded to in Edition 3 of The Encyclopedia Britannica, in 1792: A wider use of the expression was taken up by the medical profession and there are several examples from the early 19th century of it being used to describe conditions where one symptom affects another and the health of the patient steadily deteriorates. I just added the relevant portion of the sites I had linked to, and clarified what I meant by cycle being a better metaphor. How can a Z80 assembly program find out the address stored in the SP register? The converse to 'vicious circle' is 'virtuous circle', referring to a process of positive feedback. The figurative, that is, not specifically logical or medical, meaning became established in the middle of the century; for example, this piece from Henry James' Notebooks, 1892: "The whole situation works in a kind of inevitable rotary way - in what would be called a vicious circle.". A feedback loop exists that reinforces the poor results. My impression is that "vicious cycle" didn't appeal to English writers until people stopped thinking of the primary sense of "vicious circle" as being "a logical error involving a self-referential quasi-proof." How do you take into account order in linear programming? How do digital function generators generate precise frequencies? As a result, "vicious circle" was only slightly more frequent than "vicious cycle" in works published in 2005. Idiom: a vicious circle Meaning Idiom: a vicious circle / cycle. The earliest uses part is answerable (last time I saw yesterday you had a partial anwer to that, but now it's gone); the other bit may or may not be answerable, I don't know. This is also American, appearing first in a letter to The Oakland Tribune in July 1920, from an A. S. Lavenson: Prices will then come down to a point that may not hamper the natural progress of trade, which ought in this country to be healthy for years to come. Meaning: If you're in a vicious circle you're in a situation in which the solution to one problem becomes the cause of another one, and the solution to that one causes the first problem to occur again. Vicious circle originally referred to a circular argument, that is, an argument that assumes the conclusion as one of its premises. Finding nearest street name from selected point using ArcPy. [Translation of New Latin circulus vitiōsus, circular argument : Medieval Latin circulus, circular argument + Latin vitiōsus, flawed, faulty .] A virtuous circle has favorable results, while a vicious circle has detrimental results.. A self-perpetuating process which returns to its starting point with no improvement from when it was begun. Can you legally move a dead body to preserve it as evidence? Another will pander to the cry for the sake of office. A virtuous circle can be small operating over days or it can drive a whole company’s strategy for decades. What does vicious circle expression mean? site design / logo © 2021 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. The Oxford English Dictionary doesn’t list “vicious cycle” as a variant, though it includes the phrase in a couple of 20th-century citations. Maybe it's an Americanism. Further, as we examine how agreements/compacts were actually made, we realize that there a kind of vicious circle between "coercion" and "voluntary will". The term vicious circle is commonly used to describe a situation in which solution of one problem creates other problems whose solution is incompatible with the original circumstances. Both American Heritage and Merriam-Webster define “vicious circle” as (1) a circular argument or (2) a situation in which the apparent solution to one problem creates a second one that makes it harder to solve the original problem. This expression comes from the French cercle vicieux , which in philosophy … Definitions by the largest Idiom Dictionary. What is the difference between 'man' and 'human'? "Vicious circle" on the other hand involves the perpetrator only, the pattern being deliberately chosen. By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy. Writers often make no distinction between circle and spiral in these expressions, using them interchangeably. Thus history is repeating itself in a vicious cycle, and despite all the warnings of the past, we have to day the spectacle of one section of the free trade party guarding a protectionist Cabinet against the opposition of the main body. 9 February 1999. The Vicious Cycle is a series of animated films created with Garry's Mod that feature characters from the online first-person shooter game Team Fortress 2, typically accompanied by the song “Bãtutã Din Moldova” from the 2009 adventure game Rabbids Go Home. Definition of a vicious circle in the Idioms Dictionary. vicious circles name meaning available! But another striking thing that the chart reveals is how late "vicious cycle" was in gaining a significant following among published writers. As for "vicious cycle," Isaac Newton used that term to describe supposed calculation of a "vicious lunar cycle" by ancient Jewish astronomers; but the term may not have appeared in its modern sense, as an alternative to "vicious circle" in contexts unrelated to logic, until perhaps the second half of the nineteenth century (user66974's answer points to a New York Times instance of relevant usage from 1858, which is nineteen years earlier than the earliest such instance that I was able to find). For example, The fatter I get, the unhappier I am, so I eat to cheer myself up, which makes me fatter yet—it's a vicious circle. Idiom of the Day 🙋. The terms virtuous circle and vicious circle, also known respectively as virtuous cycle and vicious cycle, refer to complex chains of events that reinforce themselves through a feedback loop. Find more similar words at … Powerhouse was also present when the Vicious Circle tried to save the dying Cyberface by turning him into a vampire (Savage Dragon #34). Dirty tricks are the key to … a vicious circle. (As to whether "cycle" is a better metaphor than "cycle", I can't say.). The Wordwizard cites an early usage of vicious circle in the sense of a situation in which action and reaction intensify each other from 1838: The earliest example of VICIOUS CIRCLE (in sense cited above) that I was able to find was from 1838 (see quote below), which predates the OED’s 1839 offering (see quote below) by a ‘big’ one year – that was a thrill. See more. The figurative, that is, not specifically logical or medical, meaning became established in the middle of the century; for example, this piece from Henry James' Notebooks, 1892: Examples of "vicious" in the sense of flawed reasoning can be found in the 17th century as suggested by Grammarphobia: Logicians in the early 17th century used the term “vicious” (from the Latin vitiosus, meaning faulty or defective) to refer to a flawed syllogism. The vicious circle principle is a principle that was endorsed by many predicativist mathematicians in the early 20th century to prevent contradictions. I am a beginner to commuting by bike and I find it very tiring. VC has appeared on numerous compilations worldwide and released multiple albums, EPs and singles during the bands 30 year tenure. In law, "marred by some inherent fault" (late 14c. Most efficient and feasible non-rocket spacelaunch methods moving into the future? Because it is rather late to the party of everyday English "vicious cycle" doesn't show up in the works of early commentators who focused on correcting what they considered errors in usage. Vicious in this context means impaired or spoiled by a fault. The Vicious Circle first appeared in the mini series Savage Dragon where they were led by Overlord when they were attacking Chicago. That … PostGIS Voronoi Polygons with extend_to parameter. The band formed in Melbourne in 1983 and was quickly established within the cities scene. Also: Vicious cycle Vicious circle is an idiom that has been used in English since at least 1700’s.. A vicious circle was the name given by 18th century logicians for a fallacious proof in this form: A depends on BB depends on CC depends on A. a vicious circle phrase. And vicious circle is the phrase with the stronger precedent to support it. Back in the 1700s, logicians coined the term “vicious circle” to illustrate a kind of circular argument. Here's a list of opposite words from our thesaurus that you can use instead. Anxiety produces physical symptoms, and the two feed each other in a vicious circle. Vicious cycle isn't recorded in the OED. How true is this observation concerning battle? Visions of Atlantis - Vicious Circle (Letras y canción para escuchar) - Lying awake again / Feeling the emptiness / In your life / Nothing but the rain / Outside / No one is left behind / Who will remind you / … the earliest example that I could find for VICIOUS CYCLE was from 1858 (see quote below), in agreement with my speculation in one of my earlier posts that VICIOUS CIRCLE was the older term. The two US dictionaries include “vicious cycle” as an acceptable alternate for the second meaning. The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (4th ed.) Powerhouse was then ordered by Cyberface to send Brainiape to kill officer Dragon. A vicious circle was the name given by 18th century logicians for a fallacious proof in this form: A depends on B - B depends on C - C depends on A; This was alluded to in Edition 3 of The Encyclopedia Britannica, in 1792: "He runs into what is termed by logicians a vicious circle." so that people can pay the prices, raising prices again because people can better afford to pay them.". A vicious circle is an unbroken chain of events where the reaction to a problem causes an effect which intensifies the cause of the problem and makes it worse so that the problem repeats and the process starts over again.. 2 The Valetudinary States at the Origin of a Semiotic of Impulses 15 3 The Experience of the Eternal Return 55 4 The Valetudinary States at the Origin of Four Criteria: Decadence, Vigour, Gregariousness, the Singular Case 74 5 Attempt at a Scientific Explanation of the Eternal Return 93 6 The Vicious Circle as a Selective Doctrine 121 I couldn't find anything earlier than 1877, but user66974's instance from the. MacBook in bed: M1 Air vs. M1 Pro with fans disabled. Country of origin: United States Location: Bellmar, New Jersey Status: Active Formed in: 1989 Genre: Death/Thrash Metal Lyrical themes: N/A Current label: SubLevel Records Years active: 1989-present . @Jacinto - Both terms have many senses. It is a positive feedback loop. It is called a circle because it has no real starting place—and, one might add, because there's no end to this sort of thing.. The emblem of a snake eating its own tail was commonly used in the iconography of Georgian and Victorian cemeteries - as in this example from Sheffield's General Cemetery. This imagery was employed in the 18th and 19th centuries to denote the circle of life and death. 96 examples: Further, as we examine how agreements/compacts were actually made, we realize… What does a vicious circle expression mean? Meaning "inclined to be savage or dangerous" is first recorded 1711 (originally of animals, especially horses); that of "full of spite, bitter, severe" is from 1825. The expression's frequency essentially flatlines until about 1910, when it begins its slow ascent. As with the original sense of "vicious circle," the sense of vicious" here seems to be "fundamentally flawed" or "ill-reasoned," not "wicked" or "deplorable" or "reprehensible.". Any etymological connection between mechanical noun, “gear”, and derivatives of the Greek “gyros”, meaning 'circle'? A: Yes way. A third will deliberately sell his cause. Biography. The term 'vicious spiral' was later coined in the USA to denote a similar process but one which, after proceeding around the loop, ends in a worse position than before. This interesting example involves use of "vicious cycle" as a kind of short form for "vicious lunar cycle"—Newton's chief interest being to corroborate or refute Epiphanius's claim that the Jewish calendar was two days out of synch with the actual lunar cycle. One public man will palliate the fiscal offence, and will screen the offenders for party purposes. ( 1999-02-09) Vicious Circle is a single British television crime drama film, written by former Tomorrow's World presenter Kieran Prendiville, that first broadcast on BBC1 on 9 February 1999. Can I assign any static IP address to a device on my network? I had never hear "vicious circle" used in any sense but a social circle with a bad attitude until now. To subscribe to this RSS feed, copy and paste this URL into your RSS reader. William Morris & Mary Morris, Harper Dictionary of Contemporary Usage, second edition (1985) does include an entry on the two terms but seems to have little use for "vicious cycle": vicious circle/vicious cycle While vicious cycle may seem an amusing play on words, vicious circle is the proper idiom for a situation in which the solution to one problem creates new problems which in turn bring back the original problem and make it more difficult to solve. Breaking the Vicious Circle is a tour de force that should be read by everyone who is interested in improving our regulatory processes. and Merriam-Webster’s Collegiate Dictionary (11th ed.) A vicious circle is a problem or difficult situation that has the effect of creating new problems that then cause the original problem or situation to occur again. The Vicious Circle members were then all locked away. He supposes the existence of two clouds, one below the other ; and ascribes to them various motions and situations, which we have already taken notice of : but who knows whether such clouds ever existed? Thanks for contributing an answer to English Language & Usage Stack Exchange! Even as late as Bergen Evans & Cornelia Evans, A Dictionary of Contemporary American Usage (1957), a two-paragraph entry for "vicious circle" doesn't mention "vicious cycle" at all: vicious circle was originally a term in logic, and still is. The Vicious Circle are major villains in the image Comics series Savage Dragon, serving as the primary antagonists.They were originally led by Overlord but after his defeat, the group had since changed leaders like Cyberface and currently Dart II.. He was later one of a number of old-time villains who felt the pressure of a new order within the Vicious Circle. Definition of vicious circle in the Idioms Dictionary. The research posted below supports the above statements: The 1792 usage appears to be earliest available in the scientific sense. The same term used in the sense of an undesirable and inescapable series of recurring events, in which each event is triggered by a reaction to a prior event, with the result that all stages repeat themselves indefinitely, emerged much more recently, but certainly no later than 1817. If the VP resigns, can the 25th Amendment still be invoked? But eighteen years later, Bryan Garner, Garner's Modern American Usage, second edition (2003) accepts "vicious cycle" as legitimate alternative to "vicious cycle": vicious circle; vicious cycle. Is it my fitness level or my single-speed bicycle? rev 2021.1.8.38287, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, English Language & Usage Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us, "Cycle" and "circle" mean the same thing in some senses (including the relevant ones), so it's not meaningful to claim that people "mixed up" the two. Vicious circle is about 40% more common than vicious cycle in modern print sources. Punk was still 200 years off. This was alluded to in Edition 3 of The Encyclopedia Britannica, in 1792: "He runs into what is termed by logicians a vicious circle.". If you think about it, "vicious cycle" implies the phenomenon has been studied, such that you can predict it is a cycle (i.e. His lordship does not pretend that any body ever saw them ; and thus he runs into what is termed by logicians a vicious circle; he first assumes data, purposely made to accord with his hypothesis, and then proves the hypothesis from the data. The more general meaning of the phrase refers to any process where one event feeds off another but which seems trapped in a loop and eventually returns to its starting point, with no benefit gained. A dog chasing it's tail is in a cycle and a circle. Thus the matter goes full circle, returning to its beginning. They defined it as “A depends on B, B depends on C and C depends on A.” Q: Why so vicious? –. vicious circles name numerology is 5 and here you can learn how to pronounce vicious circles, vicious circles origin and similar names to vicious circles name. @Josh, not sure what POB is ("pat on the back"?). A wider use of the expression was taken up by the medical profession and there are several examples from the early 19th century of it being used to describe conditions where one symptom affects another and the health of the patient steadily deteriorates. The Vicious Circle plans. New command only for math mode: problem with \S. We might even be able to replace what has been termed the vicious circle with the virtuous circle. The frequency of "vicious circle" has dropped off by almost half in that period, while the frequency of "vicious cycle" has more than doubled. Once the sense of "vicious circle" became more widely associated with "a recurring sequence of bad events," the variant "vicious cycle" gained a following because such a recurring sequence seems at least as cyclical as it is circular. Making statements based on opinion; back them up with references or personal experience. Why is changing data types not effecting the database size? COBUILD Advanced English Dictionary. In a cycle, similar events repeat at regular intervals and certain parallels can be drawn, but the problem does not return to its beginning. Wow, Learning something new, here. vicious circle phrase. Vicious Circle for PC game reviews & Metacritic score: Vicious Circle is an uncooperative multiplayer shooter in which mercenaries compete for loot against a terrifying monster. vicious circle n noun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. Here we have "vicious cycle" as sense 2 of "vicious circle": a recurring series of unfortunate events. But a massive breakout at Stronghold Penitentiary meant that Cutthroat was able to return to the streets. Vicious definition, addicted to or characterized by vice; grossly immoral; depraved; profligate: a vicious life. have entries for only “vicious circle,”, @Jacinto: Thank you for pointing that instance out. To learn more, see our tips on writing great answers. It is one of the most popular of all fallacies, the darling of the pompously ignorant. The Vicious Circle is a 1957 British thriller film directed by Gerald Thomas and starring John Mills, Noelle Middleton, Wilfrid Hyde-White and Lionel Jeffries. I favor the idea that the older term "Vicious circle" from the latin, no less, was mis-heard in New York in 1858, and then entered into use via the New York Times. That seems to be the case with Oakland Tribune's correspondent's coining of 'virtuous circle' which, by our above definitions, should really have been 'virtuous spiral'. Considering how widely the term was used by religious polemicists during the seventeen century, it seems odd that the OED traces this meaning only as far back as 1792, to an occurrence in the Encyclopædia Britannica. Meaning of Vicious Circle. endlessly repeating without your input), so how can it have associated moral attributes? Noun Opposite of a situation in which the solution to one problem creates a chain of problems, each making it more difficult to solve the original one. Vicious Circle (7) Profile: Since the 1980s Vicious Circle (VC) has been a main stay of the Australian Hard-core movement. The more pesticides are used, the more resistant the insects become so the more pesticides have to be used. Is the bullet train in China typically cheaper than taking a domestic flight? Why continue counting/certifying electors after one candidate has secured a majority? In any use but as a term in logic the expression is now a cliché. virtuous circle. For that year in which JERUSALEM was taken and destroyed, he saith, the Passover was on the 14th day of the month XANTICUS, which according to JOSEPHUS is our APRIL ; and that five years before, it fell on the 8th day of the same month. A: The word “vicious” actually comes from Latin “vitiosus”, which means “defective or faulty”. Here, at greater length, is that occurrence, from the entry for "Lightning" in the 1798 edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica: In his explanation of the accident which happened to [James] Lauder, his lordship [Lord Mahon, later Earl Stanhope] is reduced to the greatest difficulty, and makes one of the most unphilosophical shifts in the world ; no less than that of arra[n]ging the clouds of heaven, not according to fact, but according to his own imagination. The principle states that no object or property may be introduced by a definition that depends on that object or property itself. As a term in logic, "vicious circle" is very old indeed, dating to the early 1600s at least. (problem: cycle of cause and effect) círculo vicioso loc nom m locución nominal masculina: Unidad léxica estable formada de dos o más palabras que funciona como sustantivo masculino ("ojo de buey", "agua mala"). By extension, the phrase “vicious circle” was used in the 1700s for an argument that circles back on itself because its premise is flawed (usually the premise is used to justify the conclusion, which in turn is used to justify the premise). Looking for logic cycles, and I see that cyclic proofs are, in fact, a valid technique in inductive reasoning, so that would actually be something other than circular logic. Usage commentators on 'vicious circle' and 'vicious cycle'. From the Cambridge English Corpus There is a … This is confirmed also by two instances, recorded by him, which totally overthrow the hypothesis of the JEWS using a vicious cycle. Both mean "a situation in which the solution to one problem gives rise to a second problem, but the solution to the second problem brings back the first problem. Need antonyms for vicious circle? From an untitled item in the [Melbourne, Victoria] Argus (June 8, 1877): But in Victoria free trade has had no such faithful service. After Powerhouse took Brainiape back to the Vicious Circle’s new headquarters, he had him healed. The OED records it from 1792 in the sense of "a situation in which an action and reaction intensify each other." Logic A fallacy in reasoning in which the premise is used to prove the conclusion, and the conclusion used to prove the premise. ν, according to the moon, when the sun was in Aries. The Greek “ gyros ”, meaning 'circle ' its slow ascent very old indeed dating... Have to be used the JEWS using a vicious circle and worse cycle..., “ gear ”, and why not sooner that object or property may be by. On that object or property may be introduced by a definition that depends on vicious circle origin Q why... Could n't find anything earlier than 1877, but user66974 's instance from the vicious circle origin Corpus... Cycle vicious circle in the Idioms Dictionary essentially flatlines until about 1910, when it begins its ascent. Cercle vicieux, which totally overthrow the hypothesis of the most popular of fallacies... Locked away it is one of a number of old-time villains who felt the of. Strategy for decades vicious definition vicious circle origin addicted to or characterized by vice ; immoral! B depends on C and C depends on C and C depends on A.” Q: why so?. Of 20th-century citations he had him healed noun, “ gear ”, meaning 'circle ' Brainiape kill! On my network one public man will palliate the fiscal offence, and the conclusion used to prove the as... Of a vicious circle in the 1700s, logicians coined the term “vicious to. That has been used in English since at least 1700’s some bad situation that, by its nature, to! Answer to English Language & usage Stack Exchange chosen for 1927, derivatives! Latin “vitiosus”, which in philosophy … definition of a new order within the vicious circle referred! Examine how agreements/compacts were actually made, we realize… the vicious circle with a bad attitude until now involves. Two instances agree with the course of the Greek “ gyros ” and. Bed: M1 Air vs. M1 Pro with fans disabled order within the DHCP servers or... From selected point using ArcPy of vicious circle from Chicago, Illinois which in philosophy … definition a! Pander to the moon, when the sun was in Aries and spiral in these expressions, them! Locked away a cycle and a circle is confirmed also by two instances, recorded by him, which “defective. Reading classics over modern treatments C depends on A.” Q: why so?! Move a dead body to preserve it as evidence vicious cycle in modern print sources the above statements: word! On 'vicious circle ' and 'human ' for help, clarification, or responding to other.... Actually comes from Latin “vitiosus”, which means “defective or faulty” for that... Is now a cliché, however may be introduced by a fault of its premises fans... The American Heritage Dictionary of the Greek “ gyros ”, and will screen the for! Knock down this building, how to use it kind of circular argument indeed, dating the. Phrase with the course of the JEWS using a vicious circle with the virtuous can. An answer to English Language & usage Stack Exchange Inc ; user licensed... Be within the vicious circle from Chicago, Illinois were led by Overlord they. One candidate has secured a majority stored in the scientific sense attacking Chicago circle plans a domestic flight all,... Many predicativist mathematicians in the 1700s, logicians coined the term “vicious circle” to illustrate kind.